We are coordinating a global effort to survey herbivory on three focal plant species and on a diversity of species in five focal plant families: Apocynaceae, Asteraceae, Fabaceae, Rubiaceae, and Solanaceae. This page summarizes the surveys we have completed as well as surveys our members have plans to survey. This page represents a work in progress, and this information is primarily to help network members pick species and sites to survey.


Focal species

We have three focal species that we are aiming to sampling across the broadest possible geographic extent and across broad environmental gradients. These are Taraxacum officinale, Plantago major, and Plantago lanceolata. Below are maps of the locations of completed and planned surveys for each focal species. Any survey of one of these focal species will be useful to the project, but surveys in new locations, ecosystems, elevations, etc. will be especially useful.


Focal families

Below you will find maps, figures, and tables summarizing completed and planned surveys of species within each of our five focal families.


Apocynaceae

Sites with completed and planned surveys of species in the Apocynaceae

Sites with completed and planned surveys of species in the Apocynaceae

Number of species with completed or planned surveys in this focal family

Number of species with completed or planned surveys in this focal family

Plant family Plant species No. surveys
Apocynaceae Apocynum androsaemifolium 1
Apocynaceae Apocynum cannabinum 2
Apocynaceae Asclepias cryptoceras 1
Apocynaceae Asclepias curassavica 1
Apocynaceae Asclepias incarnata 1
Apocynaceae Asclepias speciosa 1
Apocynaceae Asclepias syriaca 4
Apocynaceae Asclepias tuberosa 1
Apocynaceae Calotropis procera 2
Apocynaceae Gomphocarpus fructicosus 1
Apocynaceae Landolphia dulcis 1
Apocynaceae Vincetoxicum hirundinaria 1


Asteraceae

Sites with completed and planned surveys of species in the Asteraceae

Sites with completed and planned surveys of species in the Asteraceae

Number of species with completed or planned surveys in this focal family

Number of species with completed or planned surveys in this focal family

Plant family Plant species No. surveys
Asteraceae Achillea ptarmica 1
Asteraceae Ageratina altissima 3
Asteraceae Ageratina havanensis 1
Asteraceae Ageratum conyzoides 1
Asteraceae Ageratum fastigiatum 1
Asteraceae Anthemis galilae 1
Asteraceae Arctium minus 2
Asteraceae Artemisia mongolica 1
Asteraceae Baccharis dracunculifolia 1
Asteraceae Baccharis serrulata 1
Asteraceae Balsamorhiza sagittata 3
Asteraceae Bidens frondosa 1
Asteraceae Bidens reptans 1
Asteraceae Celmisia discolor 1
Asteraceae Celmisia spectabilis 1
Asteraceae Centaurea stoebe 1
Asteraceae Chromolaena odorata 2
Asteraceae Cirsium arvense 1
Asteraceae Conoclinium coelestinum 1
Asteraceae Echinacea purpurea 5
Asteraceae Emilia praetermissa 1
Asteraceae Encelia canescens 1
Asteraceae Erigeron glacialis 2
Asteraceae Erigeron strigosus 1
Asteraceae Eurybia macrophylla 1
Asteraceae Flourensia thurifera 1
Asteraceae Grindelia squarrosa 3
Asteraceae Helianthella quinquenervis 3
Asteraceae Helianthus annuus 2
Asteraceae Heterotheca subaxillaris 1
Asteraceae Hieracium pilosella 3
Asteraceae Hypochaeris chillensis 1
Asteraceae Hypochaeris radicata 2
Asteraceae Ixeridium dentatum 1
Asteraceae Jacobaea vulgaris 1
Asteraceae Jessea multivenia 1
Asteraceae Jungia ferruginea 1
Asteraceae Kalimeris integrifolia 1
Asteraceae Lactuca sibirica 1
Asteraceae Leucanthemum vulgare 1
Asteraceae Maianthemum racemosum 1
Asteraceae Melanthera scandens 1
Asteraceae Munnozia pinnatipartita 1
Asteraceae Olearia paniculata 1
Asteraceae Proustia cuneifolia 1
Asteraceae Pulicaria dysenterica 1
Asteraceae Raoulia eximia 1
Asteraceae Ratibida pinnata 1
Asteraceae Rudbeckia hirta 3
Asteraceae Rudbeckia laciniata 1
Asteraceae Rudbeckia triloba 1
Asteraceae Senecio brunonianus 1
Asteraceae Senecio crassulus 1
Asteraceae Senecio elegans 1
Asteraceae Senecio madagascariensis 1
Asteraceae Solidago altissima 6
Asteraceae Solidago canadensis 1
Asteraceae Solidago canadensis/altissima 1
Asteraceae Solidago missouriensis 1
Asteraceae Solidago simplex 1
Asteraceae Solidago speciosa 1
Asteraceae Solidago virgaurea 1
Asteraceae Symphyotrichum novae-angliae 1
Asteraceae Symphyotrichum novi-belgii 1
Asteraceae Taraxacum mongolicum 1
Asteraceae Taraxacum officinale 37
Asteraceae Tragopogon dubius 1
Asteraceae Tussilago farfara 1
Asteraceae Verbesina encelioides 1
Asteraceae Vernonia baldwinii 1
Asteraceae Vernonia gigantea 1
Asteraceae Wyethia mollis 2


Fabaceae

Sites with completed and planned surveys of species in the Fabaceae

Sites with completed and planned surveys of species in the Fabaceae

Number of species with completed or planned surveys in this focal family

Number of species with completed or planned surveys in this focal family

Plant family Plant species No. surveys
Fabaceae Acacia dealbata 1
Fabaceae Acacia implexa 1
Fabaceae Acacia longifolia 1
Fabaceae Acacia suaveolens 1
Fabaceae Acmispon wrangelianus 1
Fabaceae Adesmia boronioides 1
Fabaceae Aotus genistoides 1
Fabaceae Astragalus alpinus 2
Fabaceae Bauhinia racemosa 1
Fabaceae Cercis canadensis 1
Fabaceae Chamaecrista fasciculata 1
Fabaceae Crotalaria juncea 1
Fabaceae Crotalaria pallida 1
Fabaceae Crotalaria vitellina 1
Fabaceae Dalbergia miscolobium 1
Fabaceae Desmodium gangeticum 1
Fabaceae Desmodium glutinosum 1
Fabaceae Desmodium incanum 1
Fabaceae Desmodium podocarpum 1
Fabaceae Desmodium procumbens 1
Fabaceae Glycine max 1
Fabaceae Indigofera hirsuta 1
Fabaceae Lathyrus quinquenervius 1
Fabaceae Latrobea pinnaculum 1
Fabaceae Lespedeza pilosa 1
Fabaceae Lupinus arboreus 1
Fabaceae Lupinus argenteus 1
Fabaceae Lupinus perennis 4
Fabaceae Lupinus pilosus 1
Fabaceae Lupinus polyphyllus 1
Fabaceae Lupinus sericeus 1
Fabaceae Medicago polymorpha 1
Fabaceae Melilotus albus 1
Fabaceae Mimosa albida 1
Fabaceae Mimosa tenuiflora 1
Fabaceae Montigena novae-zelandiae 1
Fabaceae Phaseolus lunatus 1
Fabaceae Prosopis velutina 1
Fabaceae Senna cumingii 1
Fabaceae Senna obtusifolia 1
Fabaceae Senna occidentalis 1
Fabaceae Trifolium pratense 1
Fabaceae Trifolium repens 2
Fabaceae Vicia sativa 1
Fabaceae Vicia sepium 1
Fabaceae Vicia villosa 1
Fabaceae Wisteria floribunda 1


Rubiaceae

Sites with completed and planned surveys of species in the Rubiaceae

Sites with completed and planned surveys of species in the Rubiaceae

Number of species with completed or planned surveys in this focal family

Number of species with completed or planned surveys in this focal family

Plant family Plant species No. surveys
Rubiaceae Cephalanthus occidentalis 1
Rubiaceae Coffea arabica 1
Rubiaceae Coprosma lucida 1
Rubiaceae Cordiera elliptica 1
Rubiaceae Galium album 1
Rubiaceae Galium circaezans 1
Rubiaceae Kelloggia galioides 1
Rubiaceae Mitchella repens 1
Rubiaceae Morinda pubescens 1
Rubiaceae Palicourea padifolia 1
Rubiaceae Palicourea rigida 1
Rubiaceae Palicourea sp 1
Rubiaceae Psychotria aubletiana 1


Solanaceae

Sites with completed and planned surveys of species in the Solanaceae

Sites with completed and planned surveys of species in the Solanaceae

Number of species with completed or planned surveys in this focal family

Number of species with completed or planned surveys in this focal family

Plant family Plant species No. surveys
Apocynaceae Apocynum androsaemifolium 1
Solanaceae Datura wrightii 1
Solanaceae Nicotiana attenuata 2
Solanaceae Physalis heterophylla 1
Solanaceae Physalis longifolia 1
Solanaceae Salpichroa origanifolia 1
Solanaceae Solanum carolinense 3
Solanaceae Solanum cinereum 1
Solanaceae Solanum donianum 3
Solanaceae Solanum dulcamara 1
Solanaceae Solanum elaeagnifolium 2
Solanaceae Solanum incanum 1
Solanaceae Solanum lycocarpum 1
Solanaceae Solanum nigrum 1
Solanaceae Solanum ptychanthum 1
Solanaceae Solanum sp 1
Solanaceae Solanum tridynamum 3


Surveys of reproductive damage

This table lists species for which we currently have a completed or planned survey of reproductive damage (damage to flowers, fruits, or seeds).

Plant family Plant species No. surveys
Acanthaceae Ruellia nudiflora 3
Acanthaceae Ruellia tuberosa 1
Asteraceae Conoclinium coelestinum 1
Asteraceae Encelia canescens 1
Asteraceae Senecio brunonianus 1
Asteraceae Vernonia gigantea 1
Boraginaceae Heliotropium indicum 1
Cactaceae Opuntia cespitosa 1
Campanulaceae Lobelia polyphylla 1
Cistaceae Cistus monspeliensis 1
Ericaceae Erica multiflora 1
Fabaceae Mimosa tenuiflora 1
Fabaceae Senna cumingii 1
Fabaceae Senna occidentalis 1
Lamiaceae Rosmarinus officinalis 1
Malpighiaceae Byrsonima intermedia 1
Malpighiaceae Byrsonima verbascifolia 1
Oleaceae Phillyrea angustifolia 1
Orchidaceae Platanthera clavellata 1
Papaveraceae Argemone mexicana 1
Papaveraceae Sanguinaria canadensis 1
Plantaginaceae Plantago lanceolata 1
Plantaginaceae Plantago major 1
Poaceae Zea mays 1
Polygonaceae Rumex japonicus 4
Primulaceae Lysimachia borealis 1
Proteaceae Persoonia micranthera 1
Rubiaceae Cordiera elliptica 1
Sarraceniaceae Sarracenia purpurea 1
Solanaceae Physalis heterophylla 1
Solanaceae Solanum elaeagnifolium 1